The following link should be of interest to website owners, especially those who rely on or seek to gain search engine traffic from Google.
Google has provided a one-stop shop for understanding how Google works and what they want you to do to make their job easier. There is no reason not to read the below, some of it is fairly basic but a solid foundation is required in our business.
I, personally, would take point 6 with a large grain of salt but that is up to you.
Amended list below for copyright reasons. Click on the source link to get to the actual full text of the page.
For your site to perform well in search, Google needs to be able to discover and understand your pages. Here's how to create rich, Google-friendly content.
1: Learn how Google works
2. Make sure Google knows about your site
3: Influence your site's listing in search
4: Create great content
5: Images and video
6: Connect with Google+